Joint Damage and Sports Injury
Sports injuries” are injuries that happen when playing sports or exercising. They may be by accidents or can be a result of poor training practices or improper gear.
Tendons and ligaments are made up of fibers of collagen. When they get stretched or torn we call the injury as a “pull”, “tear”, “sprain” (ligament) or “strain” (tendon).
Due to Many Reasons the joints may get affected badly, leading to the damage of the function of the joint
The main Joint Diseases curable with PRP
And any types of secondary joint diseases
Sports Injuries Curable with PRP:
Acute : The Signs are
Sudden, severe pain with or without Swelling. The patient may not be able to place weight on a leg, knee, ankle, or foot. Tenderness on arm, elbow, wrist, hand, or finger. Extreme weakness of the part. A bone or joint that can be visibly dislocated.
Chronic injuries:- The Signs are
Pain on playing and exercising. There may be dull acing on rest. These symptoms may or may not be accompanied with swelling.
Common treatments for these joint pain and sports injuries include rest, activity modification, ice, anti-inflammatories, physical therapy, massage, pain killers and cortisone injections. When patient have been through these types of therapies and continue to have symptoms they are often told to consider surgery. These are perfect candidates for PRP treatment. In acute cases it can speed up the recovery
Just after the injury Rest and Cold compression is needed. Then elevate the part and stabilize.
Painkillers can be used along with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to help reduce the pain caused by sprains and fractures and any swelling.
For persistent inflammation a corticosteroid injection may be recommended.
Most sports injuries do not require surgery. However, very severe injuries, may require corrective surgery.
Physiotherapy and Exercise along with good nutrition
PRP in Sports injury and Joint Re-Construction
Tissue repair in musculoskeletal lesions is often a slow and sometimes incomplete process.
Sometimes, after the injury, the healing process does not take place properly. Instead of forming healthy collagen fibers, significant scar tissue that develops in its place.
PRP is the new Hope in the field of sports injuries as it increases the blood vessels and collagen fibers in the damaged area, as it contains platelets with a large variety of growth factors .
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy is a new scientific therapy, and is easier, safer, cheaper and in many cases just as effective as surgery, it holds great promise. It is designed to aid in the healing and regeneration of soft tissues such as tendons and ligaments.
In PRP treatment a natural concentration of antilogous growth factors are injected into the site of injury
Platelets release natural “growth factors” that help repair and regenerate connective tissues also . These tissues like ligaments, tendons, cartilage, and bone are frequently damaged in athletes.
Therefore injecting a large number of platelets enriched with activated growth factors at the site of an injury helps heal the injury.
PRP helps the body to heal itself. It potentially facilitate healing and earlier return to sport after musculoskeletal injury.
Platelet-rich plasma has been used to treat conditions such as lateral epicondylitis, ligament and muscle strains, and tears of the rotator cuff, anterior cruciate ligament, and Achilles tendon.
PRP can be applied at the site of injury either during surgery or through an injection in the physician’s office.
Some of the more publicized recipients of PRP therapy include Tiger Woods (a golfer who was recovering from ACL surgery), Kobe Bryant (a basketball player with cartilage damage in his knee),Alex Rodriquez (a baseball player recovering from hip surgery), and Rafael Nadal (a tennis player with knee tendinitis).